What did I. Kant bring to a close his «critical enterprise»?

(Revisiting the subject matter of the third Critique)


  • Oksana Panafidina




I. Kant, critical enterprise, Critique of the Power of Judgment (third Critique), reflective power of judgment, purposiveness of nature, aesthetic judgment, teleological judgment


The article examines the final stage of I. Kant`s "entire critical enterprise" in the context of critical philosophy in general (explained by Kant in his three Critiques: Critique of Pure Reason, Critique of Practical Reason, and Critique of the Power of Judgment). The main idea of the article is that the content of the third Critique is not the aesthetics, teleology, biology, ecology, system theory or philosophy of science, like all of them together, but the reflective power of judgment as one of the higher cognitive faculties of a transcendental subject. It has its own a priori principle (the subjective principle of the formal purposiveness of nature) and its own territory (ein Boden) for rightful use (but not the domain (das Gebiet or ditio)). The author gives three arguments for this idea: (1) it is important to distinguish between critique itself (as propaedeutics) and philosophical doctrine, which consists of the metaphysics of nature and metaphysics of morals; (2) the main task of the third Critique is not the construction of a coherent philosophical system (doctrine), but the solution of a general problem concerning the conditions of the possibility and limits of knowledge of individual formations; (3) before judging numerous particular ideas, it is worth grasping the whole idea, that is, placing the Critique of the Power of Judgment in the context of the "critical enterprise" in general. Kant pays special attention to delineating the limits of rightful use of key terms in a specific context, in particular, such as "the purposiveness of nature" and "the power of judgment". The subject of consideration in the third Critique is the aesthetic judgments of reflection (judgments about the beautiful and the sublime of nature and art), and teleological judgments about objects of nature as ends. If the transcendental principle of the reflective power of judgment in the aspect of its aesthetic variety acts as a constitutive principle for the feeling of pleasure and displeasure, then in the aspect of its teleological variety, it is regulative for the faculty of knowledge. Kant emphasizes that the critique of the power of judgment does not concern to how we know nature, but how we can judge it beyond theoretical cognition in view of the reality of the supersensible, which is the subject of practical philosophy.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...
Abstract views: 154 / PDF downloads: 91


Кант І. Критика сили судження. Київ: Темпора, 2022.

Кант І. Критика чистого розуму. Київ: Юніверс, 2000.

Терлецький В. Дискусійні питання в історії виникнення третьої «Критики» Імануеля Канта. Sententiae. 2018. 37(2). С. 49-61. DOI: https://doi.org/10.22240/sent37.02.049

Терлецький В. Передмова перекладача. На порозі завершення «критичної справи»: естетика, телеологія і система в «Критиці сили судження». Кант І. Критика сили судження. Київ: Темпора, 2022. – С. ХV-CCII.

Ameriks K. Interpreting Kant's Critiques. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/0199247315.001.0001

Cassirer E. Kants Leben und Lehre. Berlin: B. Cassirer, 1921.

Dudley W. and Engelhard Kr. (eds.) Immanuel Kant: key concepts. Key concepts (Acumen Publishing). Durham: Acumen, 2011. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/UPO9781844654758

Guyer P. Kant's ambitions in the third Critique. The Cambridge companion to Kant and modern philosophy. Ed. by P. Guyer. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006. P. 538-587. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CCOL052182303X.017

Jauernig A. Kant’s Critique of the Leibnizian Philosophy: Contra Leibnizians, but Pro Leibniz. Kant and the Early Moderns, hrsg. D. Garber und B. Longuenesse. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2008. Р. 41-63. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/9781400828968.41

Natterer P. Philosophie der Biologie: Mit einem Abriss zu Kants Kritik der teleologischen Urteilskraft und einer interdisziplinären Bilanz der Evolutionsbiologie. Norderstedt: Books on Demand, 2010.

Sánchez-Rodríguez M. Der Begrif der Zweckmäßigkeit in Kants Philosophie als kritischimmanente Transformation des leibnizschen Prinzips der Harmonie. Teleologische Reflexion in Kants Philosophie. Hrsg. von P. Órdenes und A. Pickhan. Wiesbaden: Springer, 2019. Р. 191-212. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-658-23694-6_11

Toepfer G. Zweckbegriff und Organismus. Über die teleologische Beurteilung biologischer Systeme. Würzburg: Königshausen & Neumann, 2004.

Wicks R. Routledge philosophy guidebook to Kant on judgment. Oxford, UK: Routledge, 2007. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203642979

Zuckert R. Kant on beauty and biology. An Interpretation of the Critique of Judgment. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511487323



How to Cite

Panafidina О. (2022). What did I. Kant bring to a close his «critical enterprise»? : (Revisiting the subject matter of the third Critique). Actual Problems of Mind, (23), 47–63. https://doi.org/10.31812/apm.7623