Values, evaluations, and emotions in the justification of decision-making




emotions, intuitive inferences, evaluations, decision-making, values


Decision-making is one of the main structural components of social interaction. When asked to justify a decision in question, the usual response is to construct arguments. They establish preferences between alternative actions. Such arguments rely on preferences between values. Preferences between values, in turn, are established by evaluating them, and assigning them the degrees of importance for decision-making. In this way, the evaluated values are included in the decision-making justification process. The success of the justification of the decision depends, to a large extent, on the transmitting of the evaluated value to the person to whom such justification is addressed.

When decision-making is emotional, values gain degrees of importance through emotional evaluation. And the perception of the justification of the decision can also be emotional. An emotional reaction to it is an evaluative reaction. It shows whether the transmitting of value is successful, whether the value is accepted and, in the result, whether the proposed justification for the decision is accepted or not.

The question is how arise the emotional evaluations that determine preferences between values. It is proposed to consider emotional evaluation as the result of an intuitive inference – emotional evaluation induction. Making an inference is a consequence of perceiving an expression of emotion, a reaction to an emotional expression of an evaluative attitude to value.

Emotional inferences are plausible inferences. Their conclusions are potentially cancellable. Usually, the reasons for cancelling the conclusion of an argument supporting a decision are inconsistency or incompleteness of information. The dynamics of emotional states is added to these reasons.

Transmitted and accepted values lead to the emergence of collective intentionality which, apart from everything else, arises due to a series of inferences, which, to some extent, are «guided» by emotions.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...
Abstract views: 93 / PDF downloads: 18


Barbalet J.M. Emotion, social theory, and social structure: A macrosociological approach. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2004.

Bench-Capon T.J.M. Persuasion in practical argument using valuebased argumentation frameworks. J. Logic Computat. 2003. Vol. 13. № 3. P. 429–448.

Dung P.M. On the acceptability of arguments and its fundamental role in nonmonotonic reasoning, logic programming and n-person games. Artificial Intelligence. 1995. Vol. 77. P. 321–357.

Gordon T.F. Defining argument weighing functions. Journal of Applied Logics —IfCoLog Journal of Logics and their Applications. 2018. Vol. 5. № 3. P. 747–773.

Miyata M., Omori T. Modeling emotion and inference as a value calculation system. Procedia Computer Science 123. 2018. P. 295–301.

Modgil S., Prakken H. Abstract rule-Based argumentation. IFCoLog Journal of Logics and their Applications. 2017. Vol. 4, № 8. P. 2319–2406.

Pollock J.L. Thinking about Acting. Logical Foundations for Rational Decision Making. New York : Oxford University Press, 2006.

Prakken H. Historical overview of formal argumentation. IFCoLog Journal of Logics and their Applications. Vol. 4, № 8. September 2017. P. 2183-2262.

Skovoroda Hryhorii. Povna akademichna zbirka tvoriv / za red. prof. Leonida Ushkalova. Kharkiv-Edmonton-Toronto : Maidan; Vydavnytstvo Kanadskoho Instytutu Ukrainskykh Studii, 2011.

de Sousa R. Logic and biology: Emotional inference and emotions in reasoning. Reasoning: Studies of Human Inference and Its Foundations. New York : Cambridge University Press, 2008. P. 1002–1015.

Toulmin S. The Uses of Argument. London, New York : Cambridge University Press, 1964

van der Weide T.L. Arguing to motivate decisions. SIKS Dissertation Series. № 2011-33. Printed by W˝ohrmann Print Service, 2011.

van der Weide T.L., Dignum F., Meyer J.-J. Ch., Prakken H., and Vreeswijk G.A.W. Practical reasoning using values: Giving meaning to values, Argumentation in Multi-Agent Systems: 6th International Workshop, ArgMAS 2009. Budapest, Hungary. May 12, 2009. Revised Selected and Invited Papers 6, 2010. P. 79–93.




How to Cite

Navrotskyi В. (2023). Values, evaluations, and emotions in the justification of decision-making. Actual Problems of Mind, (24), 249–259.




Most read articles by the same author(s)